WIKI STRESS|February 25, 2013 1:34 pm

Plane strain

Figure 7.2 Plane strain state in a continuum.

Main article: Infinitesimal strain theory

If one dimension is very large compared to the others, the principal strain in the direction of the longest dimension is constrained and can be assumed as zero, yielding a plane strain condition (Figure 7.2). In this case, though all principal stresses are non-zero, the principal stress in the direction of the longest dimension can be disregarded for calculations. Thus, allowing a two dimensional analysis of stresses, e.g. a dam analyzed at a cross section loaded by the reservoir.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress_analysis

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